Renal tumor

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Author: Mikael Häggström [notes 1]


Indication for CT urography in hematuria

Most patients with macroscopic hematuria, especially when over 50 years, should undergo both cystoscopy and CT urography.[1]

Microscopic hematuria indicates further workup with cystoscopy and/or CT urography if there are significant underlying risk factors, mainly:[1]

  • Male sex
  • Age, especially being older than 60 years
  • Smoking
  • Pelvic radiation

Other indications and choices of modality


  1. For a full list of contributors, see article history. Creators of images are attributed at the image description pages, seen by clicking on the images. See Radlines:Authorship for details.


  1. 1.0 1.1 USA: Raman, Siva P.; Fishman, Elliot K. (2014). "Bladder Malignancies on CT: The Underrated Role of CT in Diagnosis ". American Journal of Roentgenology 203 (2): 347–354. doi:10.2214/AJR.13.12021. ISSN 0361-803X. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bradley, A J; Lim, Y Y (2014). "Imaging of renal masses and staging of renal tumours ". Imaging 23 (1): 20110081. doi:10.1259/img.20110081. ISSN 0965-6812.